Answered by Dr. K.V.Bhagat, Director of Finesse The Skin and Laser Clinic, Mumbai.
POLLUTION & ACNE
The skin is the largest organ in our body and functions as a barrier from external elements like sun, cold weather, pollution, etc and also helps regulate the body temperature. As you start aging, your skin begins to lose moisture naturally. However, there are many external factors that have a great impact on your skin.
Acne is a common skin problem that happens when oil and dead skin cells clog up your pores. It is commonly known as blackheads, blemishes, whiteheads, pimples, or zits. Acne is a common problem seen not only in teenagers but also some adults too. It can be caused by several factors which include stress, hormonal changes, weather changes and also pollution. Harmful vehicular smoke includes dirt and dust particles that tend to clog the pores of the skin and make the skin dull and breakout prone. Though the skin is equipped with protective layer to prevent physical damage, these external factors can increase sebum production and decrease the levels of Vitamin E. Squalene Peroxide, a component of sebum, when exposed to such external factors like pollution, sun, dirt particles etc. causes an increase in sebum production, which in turn binds the dead cells together, thereby blocking pores. Sebum oxidation is by far the biggest reasons for acne.
A major problem faced by people nowadays is the excessive exposure to pollution while travelling. Pollution is of two types – Ozone and particulate matter. Ozone is a gas which is generated by many vehicles plying on the road as well as the smoke emitted from industries which combine with sunlight. The other main source of pollution is solid dirt particulate matter. These external environmental factors destroy the natural oils produced by the skin, which also function as a protective barrier. Air pollution acts on these natural oils and change them into waxy substances which clog pores. These clogged pores provide a condition suitable for bacteria to breed on the skin. The growth and proliferation of bacteria can lead to infection which is characterized by redness and visible pus inside the skin. This further builds oil deep within the pores which get infected. They can lead to scars/ marks in the skin. Preventive measures for Acne:
Do’s and don’ts for treating and preventing Acne:
Wash your face twice a day with a cleanser and dry by patting
Keep away from spicy, oily food
Drink plenty water at least 6 to 8 glasses/day
Eat a balanced diet with lots of fruits and veggies
Keep your hair clean and keep away from your face
Buy water based make-up instead of a foundation with an oily base
Use non-comedogenic skin care products
Do not touch your face
Do not pop your pimples
Do not scrub your skin
Do not consume junk foods
Don’t wear make-up while exercising as that can block pores
Never leave make-up on. Cleanse your face thoroughly before bed time
Do not use acne products for too long
Dr. Kamlesh V. Bhagat
Dr. Kamlesh V. Bhagat is a distinguished name in the field of aesthetic dermatology.
He is the director of Finesse The Skin and Laser Clinic, located in Goregaon , Mumbai.
He has done his MD in dermatology from Seth G. S. Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai and subsequently obtained a fellowship in cosmetic dermatology in USA.
He is also invited as a speaker for national and international conferences in cosmetic and aesthetic dermatology and minimally invasive dermatologic procedures.
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